خط مشی دسترسیدرباره ما
ثبت نامثبت نام
راهنماراهنما
فارسی
ورودورود
صفحه اصلیصفحه اصلی
جستجوی مدارک
تمام متن
منابع دیجیتالی
رکورد قبلیرکورد بعدی
Record identifier : 564635
Personal Name - Primary Intelectual Responsibility : Rezaiizadeh, Mohammad
Title and statement of responsibility : THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MEDIUM AND MODE IN IRANIAN EFL LEARNERS' OUTPUT [Thesis]/رضائی زاده، محمد;supervisor: Fahimeh Marefat;advisor: Mansoor Fahim
Publication, Distribution,Etc. : , 2008
Language of the Item : eng
Internal Bibliographies/Indexes Note : Bibliography
Dissertation of thesis details and type of degree : Master of Arts
Body granting the degree : , Allameh Tabataba'i University Faculty of Persian Literature and Foreign Languages
Summary or Abstract : One aspect of language variation is the differences between spoken and written modes of language. These mode differences are a result of the differences between mediums of language (speech vs. writing) in terms of their functions and their processing conditions. Medium variation brings about mode variation. Usually there is a correspondence between medium and mode. The speaking medium entails the spoken mode of language and the writing medium is associated with the written mode of language. This is evident in the performance of native English speakers. Their production in the writing medium shows certain features which characterize written (mode of) English and their spoken production has features characteristic of spoken English. Among all the differences between spoken and written English of native speakers, ten were selected to compare the speech of Iranian EFL learners with their writing. An experiment was carried out to see if EFL learners' output in speech and writing shows the same differences as native speakers'. These differences are related to 10 features. The features are: first person pronouns I and me, second person pronoun you, contractions, passives, fillers, deictics, verbs, nouns, lexical density, and packaging of information related to a particular referent. Using a within-subject design, spoken and written output of 10 Iranian upper-intermediate to advanced EFL learners aged 17-23 were elicited and compared in terms of the given features. The results of corrected Chi-square analyses for the first eight features and paired t-test analyses for the last two revealed that there were significant differences (at p 0.05) between EFL learners' spoken and written English only in terms of three features: 1. frequency of occurrence of second person pronoun you, 2. frequency of occurrence of fillers, and 3. lexical density. There were no significant differences between their spoken and written English with regard to other seven features (at p 0.05). Therefore, it seems that spoken and written output of these learners does not vary much. They do not use a different language when the medium of language changes. Hence, there is not a relationship between medium of language and mode of language for these learners as far as the given features are concerned. In other words, there is not a one-to-one correspondence between mediums and modes of language. The learners possess an interlanguage whose features do not change according to the medium of language. They use almost the same interlanguage regardless of the context. It is concluded that a better understanding of variation across speech and writing will have important implications for instruction and particularly for syllabus design and materials development. The study calls for the development of syllabuses, pedagogical materials, and teaching techniques which highlight the fact that we do not speak and write in the same way..
Topical Name Used as Subject : speech medium
: spoken mode
: writing medium
: output
: language variation
: interlanguage variation
: written mode
Information of biblio record : TL
 
 
 
(در صورت عدم وضوح تصویر اینجا را کلیک نمایید)