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Record identifier : 565007
Personal Name - Primary Intelectual Responsibility : Negahdary,Mahdyeh
Title and statement of responsibility : Reading Ernest Hemingway's A Farewell to Arms and For Whom the Bell Tolls as Picturing the Crisis of Gender Identity in the West, Concerning Lacan's Concept of "Desire" [Thesis]/نگهداری، مهدیه;supervisor: Kamran Ahmad-Goli;advisor: Maryam Beyad
Publication, Distribution,Etc. : , 2012
Language of the Item : eng
Internal Bibliographies/Indexes Note : Bibliography
Dissertation of thesis details and type of degree : Master of Arts
Discipline of degree : , English Language and Literature
Body granting the degree : , Allameh Tabataba'i University, Faculty of Persian Literature and Foreign Languages
Summary or Abstract : باوجودمطالعات فمینیستی انجام شده بررمان های وداع با اسلحه و زنگهابرای که به صدادرمی آیند اثرارنست همینگوی، مطالعه ای مبتنی برنگاهی بی طرفانه نسبت به یکی ازدوجنس زن ومرد، کمترصورت گرفته است، نگاهی که بتواند باآشتی برقرارکردن میان دودیدگاه زنانه ومردانه، به بینشی کلی ترمنجرشود و خوانشی ارائه دهدکه به شکلی کلی، بحران جوامع غربی رادررابطه با شناخت هویتی هم زنان وهم مردان بررسی کند .برخلاف مطالعات فمینیستی که تاکنون انجام گرفته است، دراین تحقیق سعی برتمرکزانحصاری برشخصیت های اصلی زن داستان نبوده است، بلکه تلاش براین بوده است تا شخصیت های اصلی وفرعی، چه زن وچه مرد، همزمان بررسی شوند .همچنین بخشی ازکاراختصاص داده شده است به تحلیل عناصرغیرانسانی این دو اثر، به عنوان ابزاری هنری درجهت کمک به درون مایه داستان.این کنکاش با ریشه یابی معضلات هویت جنسی جوامع، نشان می دهدچگونه ناکارآمدی تعاریف هویت جنسی می تواندعاملی مخرب درساختارکلی جامعه باشد، وازاین طریق توجه جوامع بشری رابه شکل عام، به تفکری عمیق تردرموردتعریف هویت جنسی افرادمعطوف دارد.این پایان نامه با به کارگیری دیدگاه های روانشناسانه، فمینیستی و تاریخی، نمایان گر نیازجوامع بشری به تعاریف دقیق تری از هویت جنسی است، تعریفی که از هر جهت غیرمغرضانه باشد .نگا هی که رسیدن به آن آن مستلزم اجتناب از هر گونه اغماض نسبت به حقوق یکی ازدوجنس زن یامرداست
: During the last recent century, there has been growing interest in feminism and several studies have been done on women issues from different perspectives. One of the central issues in this approach is the study of femininity in works of literature among which Ernest Hemingway's have not been missed out. Initially Hemingway was referred to be solely concerned with men. Even some critics of the present time might presuppose Hemingway code hero to be necessarily a man. Although some research has been carried out during the past recent years on Hemingway's women, each researcher has examined Hemingway's stories through either masculine or feminine spectacles, at the cost of ignoring or undermining one sex for the sake of the other. Hence few impartial studies have been done as the practice of androgyny. It would thus be of interest to see how the novels talk about humanity in general, covering both genders equally and simultaneously. This research is based on the view that it is time people of the present age abandoned sexually prejudiced views and tried to consider all the various matters that affect humanity in general with no concern for sex. However, this view does not deny the differences in sexuality and gender roles. The present study aims to look at the novels as an illustration of the crisis confronted by the modern world which is trapped between conventional gender roles and the "desire" to express (Julia Kristeva's) inexpressible "semiotic". The focus will be on the desire of not only Catherine Barkley and Mar?a, but also that of Frederic Henry and Robert Jordan, for androgyny sees feminine traits in women as well as in men. Besides, the novel will be presented as the disparagement of both Lacan's "woman" and its equivalence that could probably be called "man" (the socially accepted stereotype of men)."Patriarchy" and "logocentrism" will be considered as destructive to both femininity and masculinity. In other words, it concentrates on Lacan's desire for the "phallus" translated as the desire of male and female characters to represent their "selves". However, this does not negate sexual distinctions; the research just aims to point up that the established phallogocentrism has caused simultaneous injury to masculinity and femininity in particular and the whole society in general..
Uncontrolled Subject Terms : desire
: androgyny
: logocentrism
: the Symbolic
: خواهش
: وجود توأمان هردوجنسیت
Information of biblio record : TL
 
 
 
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