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Record identifier : 565383
Personal Name - Primary Intelectual Responsibility : Johnson, Michael B
Title and statement of responsibility : Climbing to the top: Uncovering the processes that facilitate and inhibit attaining excellence [Thesis]
Publication, Distribution,Etc. : The Florida State University, 2006
Language of the Item : eng
Dissertation of thesis details and type of degree : Ph.D
Body granting the degree : , The Florida State University
Summary or Abstract : Previous research by Bloom (1985) and Cمtف (1999) illustrated the developmental patterns of elite athletes. Additionally, Ericsson, Krampe, and Tesch-Romer (1993) introduced the theory of deliberate practice, which has since attempted to explicate elite athletic achievement. These three primary areas of research into the development of athletic expertise have drawn cause-and-effect relationships between environmental factors and sport achievement level, minimizing possible predisposing natural factors and neglecting the impact of any potential interactions among factors. The current study is the first to interview very accomplished athletes (i.e., swimmers) of differing achievement levels, a parent of each, and their coach. The objective of this study was to uncover potential reasons for performance differences among athletes who experienced similar developmental and training backgrounds, i.e., competed for the same team and coach and grew up in families with similar resources. Analyses of qualitative and quantitative data support and clarify a 4-factor, interactive systemic model that was first proposed in this dissertation's pilot study. These four factors, as they relate to the development of athletic expertise, include: (a) high effort factors, (b) environmental factors, (c) coping factors, and (d) physically and psychologically predisposing factors. All four are likely required to become an elite athlete, and must be present in such a manner that they are systematically and idiosyncratically functional for the athlete in his or her unique environment, as each by itself may be inadequate to reach expert performance..
Topical Name Used as Subject : Developmental psychology
Information of biblio record : TL
 
 
 
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