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Record identifier : 565436
Personal Name - Primary Intelectual Responsibility : Yang, Chulguen
Title and statement of responsibility : The adaptive functions of kinship and ethnicity in Korean immigrant business start-ups and staffing practices: From an evolutionary psychological perspective [Thesis]
Publication, Distribution,Etc. : Central Michigan University, 2006
Language of the Item : eng
Dissertation of thesis details and type of degree : Ph.D.
Body granting the degree : , Central Michigan University
Summary or Abstract : Based on Hamilton's kin selection theory, it is presumed that kin nepotism and its extension toward non-kin coethnics will have a significant impact on the patterns of entrepreneurial start-ups and hiring consequences in immigrant populations. This study focuses on the adaptive roles of kinship and ethnicity in the process of business start-ups and staffing practices of Korean immigrants in the United States. A sample of 202 Korean immigrant entrepreneurs in the United States was surveyed on the initial business set-ups and hiring practices. Several hypotheses were proposed: (a) genealogical relatives will be perceived to be more trustworthy and more likely to be the recipients of help; (b) nascent immigrant entrepreneurs will receive the most help from close kin, second most from distant kin, and least from non-kin; and (c) immigrant owners' trust for relatives will be significantly related with intention to employ them, and consequently, kin will outnumber non-kin and non-coethnic workers in current businesses. Consistent with the theory, the results showed that immigrants' genealogical relatives were perceived to be more trustworthy and had a higher chance of receiving help. It was also found that immigrant entrepreneurs received more assistance from close relatives than from distant relatives (including in-laws); however, coethnic friends helped as much as did close relatives. Kin were also perceived as more trustworthy than non-kin coethnics, yet trust for relatives was not related to intention to employ them. Instead, immigrant entrepreneurs were most likely to hire non-coethnic workers than kin and non-kin coethnics as the proportion of non-coethnic customers increased. One theoretical implication derived from the findings is that economic benefits of weak kin selection between employees and co-ethnic customers (i.e., attracting and keeping customers) outweigh the benefits of extended kin selection between owners and coethnic employees. Limitations of the study focus on generalizability and improvement of measuring instruments. Suggestions for future research concentrate on the apparent conflict of kin nepotism and making an employment contract between family members in Korean immigrant family businesses..
Topical Name Used as Subject : Occupational psychology, Minority ethnic groups, Sociology, Management
Information of biblio record : TL
 
 
 
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