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Record identifier : 565608
Personal Name - Primary Intelectual Responsibility : Rump, Brenda Spreier
Title and statement of responsibility : Positive psychology and children with and without chronic illness [Thesis]
Publication, Distribution,Etc. : University of Kansas, 2004
Language of the Item : eng
Dissertation of thesis details and type of degree : Ph.D.
Body granting the degree : , University of Kansas
Summary or Abstract : Children with chronic illness and their families face a myriad of challenges in their every day lives. Adjustment to the stressors associated with treating the chronic illness may be enhanced by resilience factors defined by positive psychology. Hope is believed to one of these factors. Parent hope and child hope are both examined as they relate to parenting stress and negative mood states. How parents perceive their child's adjustment is examined as it relates to the child's hope and parent perceived quality of life for the child. Children diagnosed with sickle cell disease (SCD), juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA), and diabetes and their families participated in the study and were compared to a sample of children without chronic illness and their families. Mediator and moderator analyses were conducted to determine relationships between parent and child hope, parent adjustment and child adjustment. The hypothesis for the mediator analyses was that for parents with children who have chronic illness, parental perceptions of how his or her child is adjusting will have a major impact on the parent's psychological adjustment and that hope, either parent's own hope or their child's hope plays some role in that process. The moderator analyses hypothesis tested was that the parent perception of child adjustment moderates the relationship between hope and parental adjustment. Analyses were conducted for chronic illness groups combined and for chronic illness groups separately as they compared to the healthy control group. Mediation occurred for the combined disease group on some factors but strong associations within separate disease groups influenced the overall findings. The healthy control group was the only group to show significant levels of moderation. These findings may contribute to identifying positive psychology constructs that will assist health care providers meet the needs of children and families with chronic illness..
Topical Name Used as Subject : Psychotherapy, Physiological psychology
Information of biblio record : TL
 
 
 
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