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Record identifier : 565822
Personal Name - Primary Intelectual Responsibility : Pope, Diana Spies
Title and statement of responsibility : Cluster randomized intervention trial to evaluate the impact of the 'opt-out' versus 'opt-in' strategy on the uptake of HIV counseling and testing of tuberculosis patients in the Province of the Eastern Cape, South Africa [Thesis]
Publication, Distribution,Etc. : The Johns Hopkins University, 2007
Language of the Item : eng
Dissertation of thesis details and type of degree : phd
Body granting the degree : , The Johns Hopkins University
Summary or Abstract : Background . Tuberculosis patients have a high likelihood of HIV infection and can benefit from preventive and clinical interventions, but are often not tested. The current standard of care is that TB patients should be offered HIV counseling and testing; the patient must agree to be counseled, to 'opt-in'. We conducted a cluster-randomized trial comparing the Opt-out Strategy to the standard of care. The Opt-out Strategy provides routine HIV counseling and testing to all new TB patients unless they refuse, 'opt -out'. The primary endpoints were the proportion of new TB patients receiving HIV counseling and testing. Secondary outcomes included the proportion of patients with positive HIV test results and the proportion prescribed cotrimoxazole and/or referred to HIV care..
Topical Name Used as Subject : Public health, Epidemiology
Information of biblio record : TL
 
 
 
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