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Record identifier : 565851
Personal Name - Primary Intelectual Responsibility : Bilkey, Mark Edward
Title and statement of responsibility : An analysis of the effectiveness of peer counseling with older adults [Thesis]
Publication, Distribution,Etc. : Adler School of Professional Psychology, 1997
Language of the Item : eng
Dissertation of thesis details and type of degree : Psy.D
Body granting the degree : , Adler School of Professional Psychology
Summary or Abstract : The effectiveness of peer counseling to treat mental health problems in older adults was investigated with 104 female and 26 male subjects between the age of 55 and 95. Three within-subject variables: emotion, life satisfaction, and sleep; and three between-subject variables: social contact, number of counseling sessions, and gender were analyzed from responses on pre and postcounseling questionnaires. Results of peer counseling showed a significant improvement of within-subject variables at $p < .005$. Clients' reported a significant decrease in emotional difficulty and a significant increase in life satisfaction at $p < .001$. The effect of peer counseling to alter clients' reported "abnormal" amount of sleep (5 or less; 9 or more) hours within a day to a more "normal" amount of sleep was not significant, $p > .01$. The clients' amount of social contact and the effects of peer counseling on life satisfaction were found to be significant if social contact was once a week or more, $p < .001$, and within the variable of emotion, the aspect of worry was reduced by social contact at $p < .001$. The clients' number of counseling sessions and the effect of peer counseling across the variables of emotion, life satisfaction, and sleep was not significant, $p > .01$. Clients who received counseling for a greater amount of time did not improve more than those with less counseling sessions. The clients' gender and the effects of peer counseling across the variables of life satisfaction and sleep were not significant, $p > .01$. However, within the variable of emotion, the effect of gender on treatment-related change in worry found males improved significantly more than females, $p < .001$..
Topical Name Used as Subject : Gerontology, Psychotherapy, Academic guidance counseling
Information of biblio record : TL
 
 
 
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