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Record identifier : 565996
Personal Name - Primary Intelectual Responsibility : Stillson, Virginia G
Title and statement of responsibility : Case study of participation and perceptions of wheelchair athletes in wheelchair sports [Thesis]
Publication, Distribution,Etc. : Rutgers The State University of New Jersey, Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology, 2006
Language of the Item : eng
Dissertation of thesis details and type of degree : Psy.D.
Body granting the degree : , Rutgers The State University of New Jersey, Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology
Summary or Abstract : This study examined the perceptions of wheelchair athletes concerning their involvement and continuing participation in wheelchair sports. Interviews were conducted with athletes whose present involvement in wheelchair sports was primarily wheelchair racing and for whom wheelchairs are their sole means of mobility due to spinal cord injury or disease (SCI/D). The majority of the athletes were members of a racing team and observations of the pre-season team meeting and weekly practice sessions were conducted in conjunction with conversations with family and other support persons. Ages at the time of the SCI/D varied with each athlete as did the classification of the SCI/D, hospitalizations, medical treatments, and rehabilitation processes. Some of the variation was attributable to advancements made in emergency treatment, medical care, and rehabilitation services available. Survival at he time of the SCI/D has become more common and life expectancies are increasing, approaching rates for the general population. This increased life expectancy not only signifies a growing population of individuals with SCI/D but also an aging population. Increased longevity for this population can result in increased risk for conditions such as: heart disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, obesity, and other diseases related to the lifestyle and secondary conditions of SCI/D. Individuals with SCI also suffer from higher rates of depression and substance abuse. Studies have shown that exercise and physical activity provide health and wellness benefits for paraplegics and tetraplegics including: improved psychological functioning, decreased pain, weight management, and prevention of many secondary conditions. Sport involvement for individuals with SCI, either as a member of a team or as an individual athlete, offers the added benefits of: expanded social interactions, improved psychological status, increased social support and sense of community, improved self-image and self-competence, and delayed effects of the disability. Individuals with SCI/D face barriers to becoming and remaining sport involved including: transportation difficulties, health issues, financial concerns, and lack of appropriate social support. Analysis of the interview data revealed factors that both contributed to and encourage sport involvement and helped overcome barriers for individuals SCI/D involved in the study..
Topical Name Used as Subject : Social psychology, Rehabilitation, Therapy, Recreation
Information of biblio record : TL
 
 
 
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