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Record identifier : 566236
Personal Name - Primary Intelectual Responsibility : Gossett, Oree Monette
Title and statement of responsibility : Maternal attachment, depression, and caregiving: Relationships with child behavior in homeless mothers of toddlers [Thesis]
Publication, Distribution,Etc. : University of South Carolina, 2004
Language of the Item : eng
Dissertation of thesis details and type of degree : Ph.D
Body granting the degree : , University of South Carolina
Summary or Abstract : Mothering is a challenging task in any circumstance, but is much more difficult in adverse environmental situations, such as homelessness. The purpose of this study was to examine relationships among the attachment of homeless mothers to their own mother, maternal depression, maternal caregiving, and the behavior of the toddler. This correlational study used a convenience sample of 60 adult, homeless mothers of toddlers, aged 2-3. The sample was drawn from two homeless shelters in adjacent Southeastern cities and was comprised of primarily African-American women (77 ). Consenting mothers completed the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI), the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and the Child Behavior Checklist. All of the instruments had well-established reliability and validity. Mothers then taught their toddler a new skill, in accordance with the Nursing Child Assessment Satellite Training (NCAST) protocol, and were rated for maternal caregiving using the NCAST teaching scales. Hypothesized relationships of maternal attachment with depression, caregiving, and child behavior were not supported. As hypothesized, maternal depression was significantly inversely correlated with maternal caregiving and positively correlated with problematic child behavior. Maternal caregiving was also significantly negatively related to child behavior. Regression of child behavior on maternal depression, caregiving, male child gender, and history of experiencing sexual and physical abuse accounted for 35 of the variance in problematic child behavior. Homeless women in this sample had a high rate of depression, with 83 having CES-D scores classified as moderately or severely depressed. The PBI subscale means were very different from norms or other reported means. Sample means for the Control subscale were higher and means for the Care subscale were lower. There is a need for further study of the PBI with homeless and other low-income samples and with African-Americans at different socioeconomic levels.
Topical Name Used as Subject : Maternal attachment, Depression, Caregiving, Child behavior, Homeless mothers, ToddlersNursing, Mental health, Public health, Womens studies, Mental depression, Caregivers, Homeless people, Mothers, Behavior, Children youth
Information of biblio record : TL
 
 
 
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