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Record identifier : 566290
Personal Name - Primary Intelectual Responsibility : Chang, Jung-chen
Title and statement of responsibility : The relationship between stressful life events, social support and depression among adolescents in Taiwan [Thesis]
Publication, Distribution,Etc. : University of Washington, 2001
Language of the Item : eng
Dissertation of thesis details and type of degree : Ph.D
Body granting the degree : , University of Washington
Summary or Abstract : A correlational cross-sectional design was used to investigate the relationship between adolescent depression and psychosocial factors: stressful life events and social support. The sample consisted of 599 Taiwanese junior high School students in grades 7 to 9 (male: 318, 53.1 ; female: 281, 46.9 ). Their mean age in years was 13.51 ▒ 0.89, with the 12- to 14-year-olds comprising all but 1.8 of the participants. Self-administered questionnaires including the Center for Epidemiological Study-Depression Scale (the CES-D), the Life Event Checklist (the LEC), and the Social Support Questionnaire (the SSQ) were used for data collection. The mean score on the CES-D was 15.5 ▒ 9.0. The mean number of stressful life events experienced during the previous 12 months in a 21-item self-administered checklist was 4.3 ▒ 3.0. Adolescents with higher CES-D scores were more likely to be female, to have drank alcohol before, to be in the senior grade (9th grade), to be older, and to have a father whose education was less advanced. Females were more depressed than males on the CES-D. Females reported experiencing significantly more stressful life events in previous 12 months than did males. In addition, females perceived stronger impacts from life events. For the level of satisfaction with available social support, there was no significant gender difference. However, females reported having a higher number of supportive persons than males. Depressed adolescents tended to experience more stressful life events in the previous 12 months. The comparison of the profiles of depression, stressful life events, and social support revealed significant differences between two groups of adolescents divided by "high" and "low" mean scores of the CES-D. A gender effect on depression was noted in this study. In addition, significant differences on the experience of stressful life events and social support were also observed between males and females. Furthermore, the relationships between depression and stressful life events and social support were consistent with previous studies conducted in Western countries. However, several culturally specific findings were observed in this study. Several research, clinical and educational implications are discussed based on study findings. Finally, limitations related to this study were also discussed..
Topical Name Used as Subject : Nursing, Mental health, Developmental psychology, Stress, Community support, Mental depression, TeenagersSocial support, Depression, Adolescents, Taiwan, Stress
Information of biblio record : TL
 
 
 
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