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Record identifier : 566331
Personal Name - Primary Intelectual Responsibility : James, Dorothy Christine
Title and statement of responsibility : Prenatal fetal attachment, prenatal maternal confidence, postbirth maternal confidence, and depressive symptoms: A correlational study of adolescent mothers [Thesis]
Publication, Distribution,Etc. : Saint Louis University, 1997
Language of the Item : eng
Dissertation of thesis details and type of degree : Ph.D
Body granting the degree : , Saint Louis University
Summary or Abstract : Pregnancy and motherhood can be challenging for women of all ages, but especially for adolescents. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships among prenatal fetal attachment and prenatal and postbirth measures of maternal confidence, depressive symptoms, and perceived social support in adolescents. An integrated conceptual framework (Role, Transition, Developmental, Self-Efficacy Theories) guided the study. A convenience sample of pregnant adolescents $(n=72)$ was recruited from urban prenatal clinics. After informed consent was received, participants completed questionnaires measuring the aforementioned prenatal variables and demographic variables. At four to six weeks postdelivery, questionnaires to measure the postbirth variables were completed $(n=66).$ Data analyses (descriptive statistics, t-tests, correlations, and stepwise multiple regression) indicated a significant increase in maternal confidence and perceived social support when comparing prenatal and postbirth scores. An inverse relationship between measures of depressive symptoms and measures of maternal confidence and perceived social support was noted. Prenatally, maternal confidence explained 6.4 of the variance in Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) scores; perceived social support explained 19.6 of the variance in maternal-fetal attachment scores (MFAS); and MFAS and BDI combined explained 27.4 of the variance in perceived social support. Postbirth, perceived social support combined with the prenatal BDI scores explained 45.3 of the variance in postbirth BDI scores. Perceived social support explained 21.5 of the variance in postbirth maternal confidence; prenatal maternal confidence, depressive symptoms, and perceived social support combined to explain 57.6 of the variance in postbirth maternal confidence. Prenatal social support and maternal confidence, and postbirth BDI and maternal confidence combined to explain 48.9 of the variance in postbirth perceived social support..
Topical Name Used as Subject : social supportNursing, Obstetrics, Gynecology, Developmental psychology, Personality, Births, Mental depression, Correlation analysis, Teenage parents, Mothers
Information of biblio record : TL
 
 
 
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