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Record identifier : 566813
Personal Name - Primary Intelectual Responsibility : Bragadottir, Helga
Title and statement of responsibility : Developing a computer-mediated support group intervention for parents whose children have been diagnosed with cancer [Thesis]
Publication, Distribution,Etc. : The University of Iowa, 2004
Language of the Item : eng
Dissertation of thesis details and type of degree : Ph.D
Body granting the degree : , The University of Iowa
Summary or Abstract : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the development of a computer-mediated support group (CMSG) intervention for parents whose children had been diagnosed with cancer in Iceland. An evaluative research design was used with a one group before-and-after design. The CMSG, an unstructured listserve group where participants used their e-mail for communication, was conducted over a four-month period. The CMSG was offered to parents whose children had completed cancer treatment and were within five years of treatment completion. Outcome measures were done: pre-intervention (T1), two months post-intervention (T2), and four months post-intervention (T3). Measures included: demographic and background variables; health related vulnerability factors of parents: anxiety, depression, somatization, and stress; perceived mutual support; and use of the CMSG. Twenty-one of the 58 eligible parents participated in the study, with 71 retention rate for both post-tests. None of the participants had participated in a CMSG before. No significant relationships were identified between participation and demographic variables (p = .05). For both gender groups the total mean score of each of the health related outcomes decreased from T1 to T3. Mothers' depression decreased significantly from T2 to T3 (p < .03). Fathers' anxiety decreased significantly from T1 to T3 (p < .01). Fathers' stress decreased significantly from T2 to T3 (p < .02). To some extent mothers and fathers perceived mutual support from participating in the CMSG. The majority of parents perceived helpfulness from reading and writing messages and liked being members of the group. However, parents rated that they did not get what they wanted out of group participation. Both mothers and fathers used the CMSG by reading messages. Messages were primarily written by mothers. Mothers used diverse times of day for participation while fathers primarily used evenings. For both mothers and fathers use of the CMSG decreased from T2 to T3. To better benefit parents of children with cancer in Iceland, CMSGs may have to be structured or semi-structured and gender specific. Findings indicate a need for further studies on cultural sensitivity to mutual support groups and the measurement tools used, taking extraneous variables into account.
Topical Name Used as Subject : Computer-mediated, Group intervention, Parents, Children, Cancer, Support groupsNursing, Social work, Psychology, Support groups, Computers, Children youth, Cancer, Parents parenting
Information of biblio record : TL
 
 
 
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