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Record identifier : 567052
Personal Name - Primary Intelectual Responsibility : Luhn, Christina Anne
Title and statement of responsibility : The 'catechism of development': America's Cold War commitment to education, democracy, and development in northeast Brazil, 1960--1964 [Thesis]
Publication, Distribution,Etc. : University of Missouri - Kansas City, 2003
Language of the Item : eng
Dissertation of thesis details and type of degree : Ph.D.
Body granting the degree : , University of Missouri - Kansas City
Summary or Abstract : By the late 1950s, social scientists' claim that education was a "master determinant" of political and economic development was so widely accepted among U.S. foreign policy officials that it became an integral feature of U.S. Cold War modernization and development policies and programs. Focused on the Kennedy Administration's development activities in Northeast Brazil under the Alliance for Progress, this dissertation is an intellectual and cultural analysis of the ideological underpinnings of America's Cold War commitment to education, democracy, and development. In an interdisciplinary case study of a U.S. sponsored adult literacy program based on the leftist Brazilian educator Paulo Freire, this dissertation examines how an inherited ideology of education was reconceptualized; and how it was manifested within a historically specific context. In the context of the Cold War, America's commitment to literacy as an integral step to creating a middle-class democratic revolution in Brazil reflected an ideological understanding of education's relation to democracy and development that was based on three distinct yet mutually interconnected elements: a "Progressive" construction of American history in which education, democracy, and development went hand-in-and; the post-WWII wave of social science theory that "scientifically" identified education, and particularly literacy, as essential to the development process; and, biographical and generational knowledge of U.S. foreign policy officials that reinforced deeply held beliefs about education's value to the individual and society. Focusing on education, my dissertation contributes to the new wave of scholarship that examines U.S. modernization and development policies from a historical perspective. This dissertation concludes that America's Cold War commitment to education as a means of creating democracy and free market capitalism as exemplified in Northeast Brazil reflected the post-WWII trend of scientific and technical experts who filled the government and were largely drawn from the middle-class; and a "middle-class" ideology of education ironically helped contribute to the failure of the Alliance in Northeast Brazil..
Topical Name Used as Subject : American history, Education history, Latin American history, International law, International relations
Information of biblio record : TL
 
 
 
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