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Record identifier : 567112
Personal Name - Primary Intelectual Responsibility : Worrell-Carlisle, Pamela J
Title and statement of responsibility : The use of concepts and methods from ecological psychology to study naturally occurring behavior in children's museums [Thesis]
Publication, Distribution,Etc. : Indiana University, 1993
Language of the Item : eng
Dissertation of thesis details and type of degree : Ph.D.
Body granting the degree : , Indiana University
Summary or Abstract : Little has been documented about the actual behavior of young children and their parents in children's museums. The purpose of this exploratory study was to utilize concepts and methods from ecological psychology, behavior setting theory in particular, to observe and record naturally occurring behavior en masse within a children's museum and to develop a process for describing the program of a cytosetting. The study was conducted in a gallery for young children at The Children's Museum of Indianapolis. First, a series of pilot studies were conducted. Second, six procedures for recording the behavior of young children were evaluated: reflective, hand-written, stenomask recorded, audiotaped, and videotaped field notes as well as audiotapes of visitor verbalization. The combination of hand-written field notes and videotape recording proved to be least obtrusive and most useful for identifying the programs of cytosettings. Third, a procedure for analyzing videotapes, the videolog, was developed and used to identify and verify the attached standing patterns of behavior at each cytosetting. Molar chunks of behavior en masse were unitized from a videotape record into standing patterns of behavior comprised of action structures. A verification index was calculated as a means of quantifying the regularity with which a molar behavior occurred over an observation period. All action structures and standing patterns with a verification index of.10 or greater could be identified within one hour of observation using the videolog. Identification of standing patterns of molar en masse behavior lend support to the behavior setting phenomena, i.e., cytosettings are coercive forces on behavior. Fourth, modifications of Barker and Wright's Structure Test and K-21 Index of Interdependence were conducted utilizing input from museum consultants and ecological psychologists, and data from field observations. Field observation, videolog analysis, and adaptations of Barker and Wright's tests of interdependence culminated in cytosetting program descriptions. The methodologies examined in this study contribute to the understanding of observational methods appropriate for use with young children in children's museums and to a better understanding of behavior setting theory at the cytosetting level. This contributions of this research can directly inform the research agenda in children's museums..
Topical Name Used as Subject : Preschool education, Educational psychology, Educational evaluation
Information of biblio record : TL
 
 
 
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