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Record identifier : 567481
Personal Name - Primary Intelectual Responsibility : Morrow, Wayne Shireman
Title and statement of responsibility : Predicting recidivism in offenders on probation: A comparison of two methods, actuarial appraisal vs. psychological testing [Thesis]
Publication, Distribution,Etc. : The University of Memphis, 2001
Language of the Item : eng
Dissertation of thesis details and type of degree : Ed.D.
Body granting the degree : , The University of Memphis
Summary or Abstract : This study identified the two major objective methods of assessing risk of recidivism in corrections, actuarial appraisal and psychological testing or psychometric. It examined examples of each method and compared the Tennessee Probationer Risk Assessment (TPRA), an actuarial instrument, with the Correctional Subscale (COR) of the Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory-2, a self-report, paper and pencil, psychometric instrument. The Tennessee Probationer Needs Assessment (TPNA), a more subjective scale, was also examined for the purpose of comparison. The predictive validity of these measures was examined to determine whether one worked better than the others or whether a combination of TPRA and COR provided the best predictions. The results indicated that the actuarial method is slightly more powerful than the psychometric, probably due to the reliance on self-reporting used with the psychometric method, and the TPNA compared surprisingly well. Predictive accuracy was also examined in terms of selected demographic subgroups, and results indicated that COR was a statistically significant predictor of risk of recidivism for Black subjects but not for non-Black subjects. An examination of outcome of probation by demographic subgroups indicated that subjects who completed a cognitive counseling program had a lower rate of recidivism than those who dropped out and Black subjects had a higher rate of recidivism than non-Black subjects. A correlation analysis found no relationship between scores on the TPRA and scores on the COR..
Topical Name Used as Subject : Criminology, Academic guidance counseling, Psychological tests, Demographics
Information of biblio record : TL
 
 
 
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