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Record identifier : 567969
Personal Name - Primary Intelectual Responsibility : Young, Elizabeth Ann
Title and statement of responsibility : Marital functioning and satisfaction: An empirical test of a clinically successful model [Thesis]
Publication, Distribution,Etc. : Spalding University, 2002
Language of the Item : eng
Dissertation of thesis details and type of degree : Psy.D.
Body granting the degree : , Spalding University
Summary or Abstract : This study explored ways in which marital satisfaction could be predicted by selected intrapersonal and interpersonal factors. The Self-And-Other Model (Aponte, 1994), a model that has been clinically successful, was empirically tested for the first time with married individuals (N = 117) by way of their responses to a self-report questionnaire. The Self-And-Other Model of Marital Satisfaction proposes that self-awareness and personal responsibility (management of emotional reactions and attributions about others) contribute to interpersonal awareness (empathy and valuing of others) and interpersonal responsibility (asserting one's own wants and being willing to negotiate those wants with others), which in turn predict the degree of satisfaction one experiences in a marriage. Two types of valuing were assessed: fondness and liking for the spouse as one would a friend, and respect for the spouse outside of role obligations. Path analysis was employed to determine the strength and direction of causal relationships. The specific grouping of factors along the lines of awareness and responsibility were not supported empirically, nor did all intrapersonal capacities predict all interpersonal capacities. However, the findings did support the basic premise of the Self-And-Other Model that self-awareness is a primary capacity upon which other capacities are based. Self-awareness was directly responsible for management of emotional reactions, assertion of wants, egalitarian negotiation, and marital satisfaction. Self-awareness was also indirectly responsible for empathy and self-assertion by way of its impact upon emotional self-management. Self-awareness also caused individuals to avoid negative attributions about the spouse by way of its impact on global satisfaction with the marriage. Marital satisfaction mediated the effects of respect and friendship in diminishing the tendency to make negative attributions. Respect for the spouse as a unique individual separate from role obligations or benefits to the self was the strongest direct predictor of marital satisfaction. Implications for the development and clinical applications of the Self-And-Other Model are discussed..
Topical Name Used as Subject : Psychotherapy, Social psychology, Families family life, Personal relationships, Sociology
Information of biblio record : TL
 
 
 
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