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Record identifier : 568027
Personal Name - Primary Intelectual Responsibility : Madrigal, Antonia C
Title and statement of responsibility : The direct and indirect effects of family environment and community violence exposure on Latino middle-school age youth's psychological distress and risk for gang affiliation [Thesis]
Publication, Distribution,Etc. : University of Nevada, Reno, 2006
Language of the Item : eng
Dissertation of thesis details and type of degree : Ph.D.
Body granting the degree : , University of Nevada, Reno
Summary or Abstract : Building upon recent research examining the relationship between community violence exposure and youth's covert and overt behavior, this study used structural equation modeling to examine the contextual determinants and emotional antecedents that increase or decrease youth's risk for experiencing psychological distress and gang affiliation. A multi-systemic and ecological framework was used to guide the explanatory model of this study investigating the independent and simultaneous relationships among community violence exposure, family environment, psychological distress, and risk for gang affiliation. This study measured the direct and indirect effects of exposure to community violence (direct victim, vicarious victim, witness) and family environment (family warmth, parental control, family conflict) on psychological distress (posttraumatic stress, anxiety, anger) and risk for gang affiliation among 186 Latino middle school age male and female students ( M = 13.2 yrs.). Analyses indicated that community violence exposure was directly associated with increased psychological distress and risk for gang affiliation; however, psychological distress did not function as an intervening variable between community violence exposure and risk for gang affiliation. The results showed that a positive family environment was directly associated with youth's decreased levels of anger and risk for gang affiliation. Despite the negative effects that community violence had on youth's covert and overt behavior, the family environment played a protective function on minimizing the risk for gang affiliation and anger. Results also suggested that family environment was not directly linked with youth's experience of psychological distress. Furthermore, psychological distress did not function as an intervening variable between family environment and risk for gang affiliation. These results demonstrate the systemic complexity of youth's contexts and how these significantly influence their emotional and behavioral experiences. Implications for clinical service provision and research are discussed..
Topical Name Used as Subject : Psychotherapy, Hispanic Americans, Families family life, Personal relationships, Sociology
Information of biblio record : TL
 
 
 
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