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Record identifier : 568207
Personal Name - Primary Intelectual Responsibility : Fernandez, John
Title and statement of responsibility : Individualism, collectivism, and the big five: How culture affects the validity of the five-factor model [Thesis]
Publication, Distribution,Etc. : City University of New York, 2005
Language of the Item : eng
Dissertation of thesis details and type of degree : Ph.D.
Body granting the degree : , City University of New York
Summary or Abstract : Four studies tested the hypothesis that the Five-Factor Model of personality is more valid for individualists compared to collectivists. In Study 1, participants wrote descriptions of their own personalities and of incidents in which they behaved both consistently and inconsistently with their personalities. They were then compared on the number of general and situation-specific trait descriptions they provided. Individualists gave significantly more general personality descriptions for the incident consistent with their personalities, as well as more situation-specific descriptions for the incident inconsistent with personality. Results supported the hypothesis that individualists perceive their traits to be stable and consistent across situations. In Study 2, participants completed a Big Five inventory then rated how similar their own personalities are to individuals described as being high on Big Five traits. Contrary to hypotheses, Conscientiousness was a stronger predictor of the similarity rating for collectivists than for individualists. In Study 3, participants read vignettes with personality descriptions of individuals in social roles requiring them to behave inconsistently with their personality traits. Participants rated how likely and believable it would be for the individuals to behave consistently with their personality traits and also with the social role demands. Individualism/Collectivism was not significantly associated with any of the likelihood/believability ratings. In Study 4, participants completed an extraversion inventory then participated in a job interview role play requiring them to display either extraverted behavior or introverted behavior. The amount of extraverted behavior exhibited by individualists was expected to vary as a function of their Extraversion inventory scores, while the amount of extraverted behavior exhibited by collectivists was expected to vary as a function of the social role demands of the task. Tests for this interaction effect were not significant. Implications are discussed..
Topical Name Used as Subject : Occupational psychology, Personality
Information of biblio record : TL
 
 
 
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