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Record identifier : 568232
Personal Name - Primary Intelectual Responsibility : Bienvenu, Oscar Joseph, III
Title and statement of responsibility : Anxiety and major depressive disorders and the five-factor model of personality [Thesis]
Publication, Distribution,Etc. : The Johns Hopkins University, 2000
Language of the Item : eng
Dissertation of thesis details and type of degree : Ph.D.
Body granting the degree : , The Johns Hopkins University
Summary or Abstract : Problem : The five-factor model of normal personality has a great deal of empirical support; however, relatively little work has been done previously to characterize relationships between five-factor traits and psychopathology. In addition, while many studies have examined neuroticism and extraversion in persons with major depression, few studies have examined these or the rest of the five factors (i.e., openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness) in anxiety disorders. Methods : The Baltimore Epidemiologic Catchment Area Follow-up Study provides a unique opportunity to investigate these relationships. Psychiatrists administered the Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry to 333 subjects, who also completed the Revised NEO Personality Inventory. Results : Subjects with lifetime DSM-III-R social phobia, agoraphobia, panic disorder, and unipolar major depression had high mean neuroticism (~1/2 standard deviation above average). In addition, those with social phobia and agoraphobia had low mean extraversion (almost 1 standard deviation below average). More disorders per person were associated with higher mean neuroticism scores (about 4 T-score points per disorder) and lower mean extraversion scores (about 2 points per disorder). However, the relationship between comorbidity and extraversion was only apparent with agoraphobia and social phobia. Conclusions : If the measurement of neuroticism and extraversion is not confounded by anxious states, these measures will be helpful in identifying persons at risk for particular anxiety disorders, as measurement of neuroticism is in persons at risk for major depression. A further understanding of the relationships between normal personality and psychopathology may also help in understanding common etiologic pathways for various psychiatric conditions..
Topical Name Used as Subject : Mental health, Personality, Public health
Information of biblio record : TL
 
 
 
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