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Record identifier : 568599
Personal Name - Primary Intelectual Responsibility : Olino, Thomas Mac
Title and statement of responsibility : Associations between parental psychopathology and personality and offspring temperament: Implications for the conceptualization of temperament [Thesis]
Publication, Distribution,Etc. : State University of New York at Stony Brook, 2008
Language of the Item : eng
Body granting the degree : State University of New York at Stony Brook
Summary or Abstract : Early childhood temperament has been associated with both later psychopathology and personality. Temperament may also be the construct that is responsible for transmission of psychopathology or personality across familial generations. The present study examined the possibility that parental psychopathology and personality are related to offspring temperament. Lastly, a number of demographic/contextual factors that may moderate the relationship between parental characteristics and offspring outcomes were examined. These associations were examined in a large ( n = 375) community based sample of three-year old children. Children participated in a series of laboratory activities that were designed to elicit emotional displays, including positive affect (PA), fear, sadness, anger, and behavioral inhibition, and other behavioral tendencies, including interest, sociability, and impulsivity. Each parent completed a diagnostic interview to assess lifetime history of depressive and anxiety disorders. Each parent also completed self-report measures of personality and demographic/contextual factors. No significant main effects of maternal depressive or anxiety disorder on offspring temperament were found. Interactions between maternal depressive disorders and maternal employment and maternal depressive disorders and maternal age was predictive of offspring PA and interest, such that offspring of chronically depressed, non-working mothers had lower levels of PA and interest compared to offspring of non-working mothers without a history of depression. This is suggestive of increased risk for depressive disorders. For offspring of older working mothers, maternal chronic depression was associated with higher levels of offspring PA and impulsivity, suggesting that these children may be at risk for externalizing behavior problems. Few associations between parental personality constructs and offspring temperament were significant. Results suggest that the influence of maternal chronic depression on offspring temperament varies as a function of additional demographic/contextual factors. The results highlight the need to conduct more fine grained studies to identify the processes through which maternal age and employment influence the relationship between maternal depressive disorder and offspring risk..
Topical Name Used as Subject : Developmental psychology, Clinical psychology
Information of biblio record : TL
 
 
 
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