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Record identifier : 568785
Personal Name - Primary Intelectual Responsibility : McKeown, Freda Todd
Title and statement of responsibility : Self perception in the late life transition: Implications for psychotherapy [Thesis]
Publication, Distribution,Etc. : Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2004
Language of the Item : eng
Dissertation of thesis details and type of degree : Ph.D
Body granting the degree : , Pacifica Graduate Institute
Summary or Abstract : Earth's population is aging so rapidly, it is said that two-thirds of those in history who have lived to be 65 years of age are currently alive (Haas, 2000). Given a society where youth is revered and extended lifetimes are healthier and more active, psychologists need to understand the self-perception of individuals in the years between middle age and old age---55 to 80 years-of-age---the late-life transition. In a therapeutic setting, knowledge of the patient's self-perception is important in defining treatment objectives.This paper considers the milieu for those aging in early 21 st -century United States, and provides a brief overview of lifespan developmental psychology with a focus on Erik Erikson's epigenetic developmental model. An extended methodology section describes the theory of Q methodology as a valid approach for depth psychological research.The study investigates the subjective self views of 40 volunteers from a general population, aged 55 to 80 years, using a Q sort based on Erikson's eight-stage epigenetic developmental theory. Factor analysis revealed a primary factor, on which all but three participants loaded at the .01 level of significance. The factor describes an adult who feels competent and confident and is highly relational and spiritually connected. Four other factors show adults with (a) concerns of becoming ill, (b) defiance of aging in the face of reduced ability, (c) dogged determination to continue with life despite a failing body, and (d) despair over a life not lived as desired.Indicating a fairly stable positive self-perception of individuals between 55 and 80 years of age, without significant variations for gender or age, the results confirmed other studies' conclusions that illness or other factors are more likely to affect self-perception than chronological age. There was also support for Joan Erikson's addition of a ninth stage of development to Erik Erikson's theory. Of concern for treatment of individuals in this age group is the intricacy of the self view as shown in mixed loadings of some participants on both the first factor and one or more minor factors. The confounding issues are described and discussed for their implications for psychotherapy..
Topical Name Used as Subject : Psychotherapy
: Developmental psychology
Information of biblio record : TL
 
 
 
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