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Record identifier : 568792
Personal Name - Primary Intelectual Responsibility : Abramson, Amy S.
Title and statement of responsibility : Playing with power: An exploratory study of how generation and gender are linked to assertive behavior in mother-child interaction in African-American families [Thesis]
Publication, Distribution,Etc. : The University of Chicago, 2005
Language of the Item : eng
Dissertation of thesis details and type of degree : Ph.D
Body granting the degree : , The University of Chicago
Summary or Abstract : This dissertation explores how power plays out behaviorally in the dynamics of mother-child interaction. In developmental psychology, little is known about the extent to which key social status indicators--namely, generation and gender--mark the power dynamics of mother-child interaction. Thus, the dissertation asks: Within mother-child interaction, how is power conveyed and by whom? Do mothers and children, sons and daughters convey power in the same ways or to the same degree? The dissertation focuses on one aspect of power--assertive behavior--highlighting the what of power (types of assertion) and the how of power (expressive overlays). Types and modes of assertion were examined during informal mother-child interaction among twenty-two low-income African-American girls and boys (ages 9-11) and their mothers. The socialization of assertive behavior may be of particular importance to African-American children and other minorities whose survival may depend on knowing how to stand up to social barriers such as discrimination.The findings suggest that informal mother-child interaction provides an important context in which to play with power. Compared to children, mothers asserted themselves more frequently using "Do" Directives, perhaps reflecting the priority mothers place on socialization goals. Moreover, mother-daughter dyads were found to be mutually directive. African-American daughters of directive mothers may be expected to take on the responsibility of maintaining family relations through directing others. Competitive Stances were issued at greater proportions by children. For children at middle childhood, competitive displays, also encouraged in school, may be a vehicle for the expression of autonomy, mastery, and agentic self-esteem. Dyadically, mother-son dyads were found to be mutually competitive, perhaps indicating that competitive mothers expect sons to be especially resilient in the face of challenges. Interpersonal measures showed that mothers viewed boys' playful assertions more negatively than girls' playful assertions, and asserted themselves more firmly with boys who acted playfully assertive, suggesting gender differences related to the expressive behavior of girls and boys..
Topical Name Used as Subject : Developmental psychology
: Social psychology
Information of biblio record : TL
 
 
 
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