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Record identifier : 568867
Personal Name - Primary Intelectual Responsibility : Douglass, Melinda D
Title and statement of responsibility : Codependency: Relationship to self and other [Thesis]
Publication, Distribution,Etc. : Clinical psychology, California Institute of Integral Studies
Language of the Item : eng
Dissertation of thesis details and type of degree : Psy.D
Body granting the degree : , Clinical psychology
Summary or Abstract : The concept of codependency has roots extending back to the 1940s and has morphed and evolved tremendously to reach its current incarnation in the self-help, recovery movement, and psychology fields. While codependency has been studied by the family systems, chemical dependency, psychiatric and psychoanalytic, and clinical psychology fields, a cross-validated, well-understood operational model for this condition has not been developed. In addition, there has been more focus on signs, symptoms, and assessment measures that reflect behaviors consistent with this pattern of relating than on the internal dynamics and experience of those identifying with this condition. The purpose of this study was to investigate the causes, development, and maintaining factors connected with the phenomenon identified as codependence by adults in intimate relationships they characterized as codependent. The observation that codependent relationship patterns are maintained in adulthood, resulting in great distress on the part of those seeking recovery, has implications for mental health providers and researchers. Mental health professionals have made some attempts to bridge the chemical dependency field and psychology fields to identify deeper solutions to a condition that can persist throughout an adult's lifetime, resulting in unhealthy relationships (e.g., unstructured group work to address personality dysfunction, insight into projective identification). Yet the question remained--how can we better understand this self-help movement and the phenomena being addressed by 12-steps programs addressing codependency in terms of individuals' lived experience?This study underscores and confirms the importance of deficits in the family of origin and poor self-concept in the formation and maintenance of codependency, two areas that have been debated in prior research. Further findings from this study are compared with over twenty prior research studies in the psychology field. Finally, treatment recommendations are formed based on these findings as well as suggestions for future research, including studying codependency in men and investigating attachment styles in codependent populations.Ten participants were reached via flyers and email targeting Codependents Anonymous members. They were screened according to high scores on the Spann-Fischer Codependency Scale to qualify for the interview, as well as involvement in a significant codependent relationship and 1 or more years in a 12-step or recovery program. Basic demographic information was gathered and they were asked about their history of identifying with, recovering from, and experiencing codependent relationships. This study focused on women, who comprised the majority of Codependents Anonymous members.This study investigates two aspects of participants' experience: (a) the thoughts, feelings, behaviors, and experiences that characterize their subjective experience of codependency, and (b) the internal dynamics that contribute to the development and maintenance of codependent ways of relating. The interviews conducted were 60-90 minutes in length and based on a semistructured interview developed from a review of the literature. A qualitative, grounded theory analysis was applied to the transcripts of these interviews, which were coded by a team of coders.Results are reported as themes or codes that represent participants' perspectives about the experience of codependency and maintaining factors. Sixteen categories of codes were identified: (a) Deficits in Family of Origin , (b) Other Focus , (c) Other is Bad Object , (d) Illusion of Relationship , (e) Omnipotent Responsibility , (f) Self-Defeating , (g) Insecure-Preoccupied Attachment , (h) Delayed Development , (i) Enmeshed Self , (j) Confusion of Identities , (k) Difficulty Negotiating Emotions , (l) Poor Self-Concept , (m) Unconscious Acting Out , (n) Compulsion/Loss of Control , (o) Self Outside of Relationship , and (p) Recovery . Codes within each category are fully explicated, with supporting quotes from participants..
Topical Name Used as Subject : Clinical psychology
Information of biblio record : TL
 
 
 
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