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Record identifier : 568880
Personal Name - Primary Intelectual Responsibility : Godby, Alison K
Title and statement of responsibility : Existential meaning in college students: Relations with internalized shame and locus of control [Thesis]
Publication, Distribution,Etc. : University of Houston, 2008
Language of the Item : eng
Dissertation of thesis details and type of degree : Ph.D
Body granting the degree : , University of Houston
Summary or Abstract : This paper proposed a relation between two constructs, meaning and shame. The primary research objective in this study was to examine the relation between meaning in life and internalized feelings of shame and to determine what role locus of control played, if any, in the hypothesized correlation. There were three specific hypotheses in this study: (1) Individuals with high levels of existential meaning and a high internal locus of control will experience low levels of internalized shame, (2) Individuals with low levels of existential meaning and a high internal locus of control will experience high levels of internalized shame, and (3) Individuals with low levels of existential meaning and a high external locus of control will experience no significant amount of internalized shame. Previous research has found a strong correlation between high levels of meaning and an internal locus of control (Liu, 1996; Reker, 1977; Yarnell, 1971); therefore, the relation between shame and individuals with high existential meaning and external loci of control was not examined.Participants for this study included 147 students recruited from a large, ethnically diverse, urban university in the southwestern United States. The participants were solicited from subject pools in the educational psychology and clinical psychology departments. Existential meaning was operationalized by the Life Regard Index (LRI; Battista & Almond, 1973); internalized shame was operationalized by the Internalized Shame Scale (ISS; Cook, 1994); and locus of control was operationalized using Rotter's (1966) Internal-External (I-E) Locus of Control Scale. Data was analyzed using a hierarchical regression analysis. Results indicated that all three variables were highly correlated with each other, which in turn suggested the potential for a mediating effect between locus of control and meaning with regard to shame. Mediation analysis was run and meaning was found to fully mediate the relationship between locus of control and shame. The mediation hypothesis made by this researcher (that locus of control would mediate the relation between meaning and shame) was not substantiated..
Topical Name Used as Subject : Clinical psychology
Information of biblio record : TL
 
 
 
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