خط مشی دسترسیدرباره ما
ثبت نامثبت نام
راهنماراهنما
فارسی
ورودورود
صفحه اصلیصفحه اصلی
جستجوی مدارک
تمام متن
منابع دیجیتالی
رکورد قبلیرکورد بعدی
Record identifier : 569795
Personal Name - Primary Intelectual Responsibility : Kruger, Daniel James
Title and statement of responsibility : An integration of proximate and ultimate influences for altruistic helping intentions [Thesis]
Publication, Distribution,Etc. : Loyola University of Chicago, 2001
Language of the Item : eng
Dissertation of thesis details and type of degree : Ph.D
Body granting the degree : , Loyola University of Chicago
Summary or Abstract : This research project integrates social psychological and evolutionary theory relevant to altruistic helping intentions. Social psychologists have studied the subjective experiences and motivations leading to helping behaviors. This research has identified mental experiences, such as empathic concern and perceived self-other overlap, influencing intentions for helping (see Batson et al., 1997; Cialdini et al., 1997). Evolutionary theorists have examined tendencies to exhibit adaptive behaviors predicted by inclusive fitness theory, predominantly with the non-human animals. Evolutionary theory currently recognizes two pathways for altruistic behaviors, kin selection and reciprocal altruism. The theory of kin selection predicts that the likelihood of an individual performing a costly behavior to enhance the survival and reproduction of a target will correlate with the closeness of the genetic relationship to the target individual (Hamilton, 1964a). The theory of reciprocal altruism predicts that altruistic behaviors will be a function of beliefs about the recipient's likelihood of reciprocating (Trivers, 1971). This manuscript reviews the current state of the field of social psychology with regard to altruistic helping, elaborates on relevant evolutionary theory, provides examples of previous psychological experiments using an evolutionary approach to understanding helping phenomena, and examines the support for hypotheses constructed from an integration of evolutionary and social psychological theories. The results indicated that the evolutionary adaptations of reciprocal altruism and kin selection have significant effects on intentions for making a risky rescue attempt that are not accounted for by the previously established psychological predictors of helping. Cognitions related to reciprocal altruism were the strongest predictor of the likelihood of helping. The effect of kinship had a complex relationship to helping intentions, with a negative effect as mediated by the construct of oneness and a positive effect as mediated by the construct of expectancy for the target to help if positions were reversed (which is related to reciprocal altruism). Although kin targets provoked lower mean level of oneness than friend targets, the level of oneness made a greater impact on the likelihood of helping for kin targets than for friend targets. Respondents also had higher expectations for helping by kin than by friends..
Topical Name Used as Subject : Social psychology
Information of biblio record : TL
 
 
 
(در صورت عدم وضوح تصویر اینجا را کلیک نمایید)