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Record identifier : 569824
Personal Name - Primary Intelectual Responsibility : Sheridan, Kevin Eric
Title and statement of responsibility : Eating disorders as a case study of cultural maladaptation [Thesis]
Publication, Distribution,Etc. : State University of New York at Binghamton, 2007
Language of the Item : eng
Dissertation of thesis details and type of degree : Ph.D
Body granting the degree : , State University of New York at Binghamton
Summary or Abstract : Evolutionary theories of human behavior differ on the cause of biologically maladaptive human culture and behavior. For example, human behavior ecology tends to view human cultures primarily (if not exclusively) adaptive, with seemingly maladaptive practices holding adaptive potential. Evolutionary psychology views cultural maladaptation as a form of environmental mismatch, in which previously adaptive psychological mechanisms become maladapted to novel environments. Dual-inheritance theory posits that culture acts as a separate inheritance system with genetic inheritance. These systems may occasionally act in opposition to each other, thus enabling cultural maladaptation. This study examines a particular case of potential cultural maladaptation; eating disordered behavior. Referencing available medical literature, it is established that eating disorders carry substantial fitness costs. Second, the cultural and historical underpinnings of eating disorders are examined. A worldwide survey of health professionals establishes that eating disordered behavior is spreading throughout the world with the increasing globalization of Western sociocultural and economic norms. Finally, a cognitive model underpinning eating disordered behavior is tested within a university student population sample. This model predicts that the values of status, wealth, self-control and attractiveness positively correlate with each other, while negatively correlating with reproductive potential. This model was supported by the results of the cognitive measure..
Topical Name Used as Subject : Biology
: Physical anthropology
Information of biblio record : TL
 
 
 
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